National Theatre

Music by Leonard Bernstein

Book adapted from Voltaire by Hugh Wheeler
New version by John Caird

Lyrics by Richard Wilbur
Additional lyrics by Stephen Sondheim, John Latouche, Lillian Hellman, Dorothy Parker and Leonard Bernstein

This was a National Theatre production that opened at the Olivier Theatre on the 13th April 1999 and played in repertoire for the following year.

This adaptation of Candide is published by Music Theatre International (MTI) in New York. You can access the relevant pages on the MTI website by clicking here.

Creative Team

Director – John Caird
Design – John Napier
Costume Design – John Napier with Elise Napier
Lighting – Paul Pyant
Choreographer – Peter Darling
Music Director – Mark Dorrell
Orchestrations – Bruce Coghlin
Fight Director – Malcolm Ranson
Sound – Paul Groothius
Company Voice & Text – Patsy Rodenburg
Staff Director – Stephen Wrentmore
Associate Music Director - Steven Edis
Assistant Choreographer - Lynne Page


Rehearsal Photo




Rehearsal photo


Voltaire– Simon Russell Beale

Candide – Daniel Evans
Cunégonde – Alex Kelly
Maximilian – Simon Day
Paquette – Elizabeth Renihan
Pangloss – Simon Russell Beale
Baron – Denis Quilley
Baroness – Myra Sands

Corporal – Richard Henders
Captain – David Burt
Drill Sergeant – Clive Rowe

Minister – Chu Omambala
Minister’s Wife – Ceri Ann Gregory
James, the Anabaptist – David Arneil

Don Issacar – Robert Burt
Grand Inquisitor – Alexander Hanson
Sailor – Michael Wildman
Inquisitors – David Burt, Charles Millham

Old Woman – Beverley Klein
Cacambo – Clive Rowe

The Governor – David Burt
Adjutant – Michael Wildman

Jungle Girls – Claudia Cadette, Elizabeth Renihan
Monkeys – Gilz Terera, Richard Henders

King of Eldorado – Mark Umbers
Queen of Eldorado – Jax Williams
Sheep – Charles Millham/Myra Sands

Slave – Gilz Terera
Vanderdendur – Alexander Hanson

Women of Venice – Claudia Cadette, Ceri Ann Gregory, Gabrielle Jourdan, Samantha Lavender, Leigh McDonald, Myra Sands, Jax Williams

Charles Edward – David Arneil
Theodore of Corsica – Robert Burt
Tzar Ivan – Richard Henders
Sultan Achmet – Chu Omambala
Stanislaus – Charles Millham
Hermann Augustus – Mark Umbers


Conductor – Mark Dorrell
Assistant Conductor & Keyboard – Steve Edis

Leader/Violin - Sophie Langdon
Viola – Caroline O’Neill
Cello – Martin Bradshaw
Bass – Polly Falvey
Flute/Clarinet – Andy Panayi
Oboe/Cor anglais – Nicki Woods
Clarinets – Paul Sanders
Clarinet/Bass Clarinet/Flute – Duncan Ashby
Bassoon – Rosina Ahmad
Horn – David Bentley
Trumpet/Flugelhorn – Benjamin Gant
Trombone – John Higginbotham
Percussion – Nicholas Ormerod


Rehearsal photo

Production Photographs

Catherine Ashmore